You can drink wine from whatever vessel you want, be it a wine glass, coffee mug, mason jar or dixie cup. Heck, you can ditch the glass altogether and drink straight from the bottle! If you’re drinking to get sloshed, it doesn’t really matter.
That said, if you’re trying to taste your wine, then certain glasses do work better than others. There’s actually some science to back this statement up. Using the right glass improves the taste of the wine. And they won’t cost you a fortune either. (Unless, of course, you’re obsessed.)
The Importance of a Proper Glass
There are many different wine glasses to choose from, but the fundamental shape is the same. There is a piece of scientific evidence that supports the importance of glass shape.
In 2015, a Japanese medical group used a special camera to record images of ethanol vapors in different glasses. In their study the research group showed how different glass shapes affected the density and position of vapors at the openings of the different glasses.
Why do vapors matter? Well, they carry aromatic compounds into your nose. Aromatic compounds are responsible for producing the vast majority of flavors in wine.
Of the many different wine glasses available, you’ll find that certain shapes are better for enjoying certain types of wine. By the way, it doesn’t really matter if your glass is stemmed or stemless. It’s more about how the shape of the vessel collects aromas and deposits wine into your mouth. Some enthusiasts will strongly disagree!
Below is a summary of the primary glass shapes and the wines that tend to perform well in these shapes.
First things first. You know those stemmed glasses that you fill all the way to the top? Those aren’t wine glasses. They’re hipster cups. In order to taste flavors in wine, you really need space above the wine to collect aromas.
White wines are typically served in smaller, bowled glasses. Smaller glasses:
You’ll notice that full-bodied white wines like oaked Chardonnay, Viognier and Chenin Blanc, as well as so-called orange wines are better with a larger bowl.
The larger bowl, originally introduced by Riedel as a “Montrachet” glass , better emphasizes a creamy texture because of the wider mouth.
The choice of a red wine glass has a lot to do with mitigating the bitterness of tannin or spicy flavors to deliver a smoother tasting wine.
After a few years of tasting wines from different glasses, we’ve noticed that red wines tend to taste smoother from a glass with a wide opening. Of course, the distance to the actual fluid affects what you smell.
This glass shape is best with bolder red wines, such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Pinotage and Bordeaux blends. They:
A great glass for medium- to full-bodied red wines with spicy notes and/or high alcohol. Spice is softened because flavors hit your tongue more progressively from the smaller opening. Try wines like Zinfandel, Malbec, Shiraz (Syrah) and Petite Syrah with this glass.
A great choice for lighter, more delicate red wines with subtle aromas. The large round bowl helps collect all the aromas. Try this glass shape with Pinot Noir, Gamay and even Nebbiolo.
You may find a reason to pick up a few specialty wine glasses depending on what you tend to drink the most. For example, we cannot live without our official Port glass (shown above on the right). It’s small size and narrow mouth reduces evaporation (it’s a high alcohol wine).
That said, I’ve broken almost every Champagne flute I’ve purchased. (flailing arm syndrome)
A few glass manufacturers including Zalto and Gabriel Glas offer a “universal glass.”
This is a great idea for the space-saving, pragmatic enthusiast who doesn’t want to bother with all the different shapes. Both aforementioned glass brands are of exceptional quality (starting at $30 a stem!), so it’s hard to fuss over the subtle differences in taste delivery.
That said, if you’re someone who “only drinks bold reds” you might be better served with a biggy-sized Bordeaux glass (like the one displayed above).
Answer these questions truthfully to figure out what kind of stemware to buy.
If you answered mostly “No”
Owning fine crystal stemware will drive you insane. Instead, get glassware or stemless crystal glasses. These will be easier to maintain and won’t give you a conniption if they break. You can also wash them in the dishwasher.
If you answered mostly “Yes”
You are neurotic enough to keep crystal glassware clean and sparkly. (Yes!) You should look into getting a set of 6 matching crystal wine glasses that you can use for years to come.
(Source: Wine Folly)